Global Islam (لبيك اللهم لبيك)

Unlike other bonds (nationalistic, patriotic, etc.) which are superficial, animalistic, reactive, emotional, and completely devoid of a real solution for life’s affairs, the intellectuality of the ideological bond of Islam unites man irrespective of their race, nationality, and other factors which are irrelevant when it comes to bonding on an ideological creed.

“The Believers, men and women, are protectors one of another: they enjoin the ma`roof (all of Islam), and forbid the munkar (all that is evil; kufr): they observe regular prayers, pay Zakat, and obey Allah and His Messenger. On them will Allah pour His mercy: for Allah is Exalted in power, Wise.” (The Holy Qur’an, 9:71)

Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) indicated in several Ahadith on unity and brotherhood as we can see in his (صلى الله عليه وسلم) Farewell Sermon (Khutbat ul-wadaa`):

“All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor a black has any superiority over white except by piety and good action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood.”

Other Ahadith further elaborate on the concept of unity and brotherhood:

“A Muslim is the brother of another Muslim. He does not oppress him, nor does he leave him at the mercy of others.” (Sahih Muslim Book 032, Number 6219)

The Prophet said, “None of you will have faith till he wishes for his (Muslim) brother what he likes for himself.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari Volume 1, Book 2, Number 12)

Unity is strength.   The Islamic concept of Towhid is the other name of the unity of humankind.  The corner stone in Islam is the unity of God.  Allah’s unity teaches us the message that we should not divide humans into sections and sects.  Almighty Allah in the Quran says that the division of people in the races and clans is only for their introduction.

“And we have sent you (Muhammad) not except as a giver of glad tidings and a warner to all of mankind…” (The Holy Qur’an Sûrah Saba’, 34:28) 
muslim-unity unity_in_diversity_95445

The racial discrimination has been strictly prohibited in Islam.In the last sermon from the Mount of Arafat the Holy Prophet had clearly announced that no Arab has any superiority over a non-Arab; or the white over the black. This is the reason that in Muslim countries we do not find racial discriminations. Islam gives clear injunctions for the respect, safety, security and prosperity of the non-Muslims as well. Unity teaches peace, equality and paternity.  The absence of unity brings and breeds disruption, devastation and disputes.  Islam ordains protection of non-Muslims simply to show the respect for the Canons of divinity and humanity.  God is not only of the Muslims.  God is the God of all human beings.  The unity of all humans is the ultimate aim of the teachings of Islam.

The Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) of Allah said:

“One who hurts a dhimmi (non-Muslim citizen of the Caliphate), he hurts me and the one who hurts me, hurts Allah.”

Another hadith reports that

“Beware! Whoever is cruel and hard on a non-Muslim minority, or curtails their rights, or burdens them with more than they can bear, or takes anything from them against their free will; I (Prophet Muhammad) will complain against the person on the Day of Judgment.”  (Abu Dawud)

The Quran discusses the concept of unity on three levels.  Foremost is the unity of humanity.  The Quran in Sura Al-Hujurat (The Inner Apartments) says:

“O, Mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes that you may know one another.Verily, the most honorable of you with Allah is the one who has piety.” (49:13).

The Quran no where addresses the Muslims.  Either it addresses the believers (momineen) or the people (An-nas).  The Quran on second level refers to the unity of the people of the Books: the Jews, the Christians and the Muslims- In Sura Al-e-Imran the Quran says:

“O, people of the Book! Come to a word that is just between us and you, that we worship none but Allah, and that we associate no partners with him, and that none of us will take others as lords besides Allah.  Then if they turn away, say; Bear witness that we are Muslims” (3:64). 

In Sura Al-e-Imran the Quran says;

“And hold fast, all of you together to the rope of Allah, and be not divided among yourselves.” (3:103).

The Quran again in Sura Al-e-Imran says:

“O ye who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared and die not except in a state of Islam.” 

In Mishqat Sharif there is a tradition of the Holy Prophet which says;

“The Muslims are like a body; if one limb aches, the whole body aches.”

Then the Messenger of Allah says;

“Whoever does not care about the affairs of the Muslims is not one of them.” 

The Islamic Brotherhood is not based on economic interests, race, or color. It is based on something infinitely superior: Rejection of falsehood and acceptance of the Truth as revealed by the One True God. Islam was started by Prophet Noah and Abraham and was completed by Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم). All Muslims are brothers and equal with each other in the sight of God.

 “The Believers are but a single Brotherhood.” [Al-Hujurat 49:10]

As for those who divide their religion and break up into sects, you have no part in them in the least: their affair is with God. He will in the end, tell them the truth of all that they did. [Quran 6-159]. 

Islam is a deen (complete way of life). Muslims have chosen various Imam’s to follow. For example, Sonni’s are either Shafi, Hanbali or Wahabi, etc. Sheas are either Emami or Emami, etc.All  are acceptable and equal , different sects are just different flavors of the same principle. Not only is this Brotherhood based on faith, it is also a part of that faith. Even a casual reader of Qur’an would note that it almost always addresses the Believers and not the Believer. All acts of worship that are declared pillars of Islam have a collective form. The daily prayers are best performed in congregation, that being twenty-seven times more valuable than the individual prayer. The special Friday prayer cannot be offered individually at all. Zakat is obviously aimed at making the rich of the community take care of the needs of its poor. Fasting, an essentially individual act, has been given a collective form through unity in time. Hajj enforces unity in both time and place, bringing the believers together in the plains of Arafat in their remembrance of Allah.

Those who join in the worship of Allah produce a Brotherhood that embodies the best moral values of the faith: Mercy, compassion, fear of Allah, piety, and justice. It is a Solid Cemented Structure [As-Saff, 61:4]

We can imagine the sensitivity of the Shariah about it by reflecting on its teachings regarding the relations between believers.  The books of hadith are full of such teachings.

It is forbidden, for example, for two Muslims to start a whispering conversation in the presence of the third.
It is not permissible for a Muslim to sever relations with his brother for more than three days.
It is sufficient evil for a Muslim that he should look down upon his brother.

But no, by your Lord, they can have no Faith, until they make you (O Muhammad SAW) judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, and accept (them) with full submission (4:65)

This Brotherhood has to be a force for  the downtrodden and oppressed everywhere.

The U.N. remains an organization of unequal powers, designed to perpetuate that inequality. Its purpose was to establish hegemony of the Western alliance over the rest of the world— not for any higher moral purpose but solely for economic exploitation. Its very structure (with real decision making in the hands of a few in the Security Council ) guaranteed the disenfranchisement of the weak, and the entire Muslim world found itself in that category at the end of official colonialism.While the U.N. has failed miserably in its declared goals, it has been tremendously successful in the real ones. While it promised peace and justice, it has delivered death and destruction, exploitation and oppression. It provided legal cover for the first U.S.- Iraq war in 1991. It facilitated the carnage in Bosnia by tying the hands of the victims. It has perpetuated genocide in Iraq through the imposition of the most brutal economic sanctions in the history of the world, resulting in death of a million people through starvation and disease. But we have allowed ourselves to be deceived by the legal camouflage provided by the U.N. And witness how low we have fallen with our own accord.

وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ لَا تُفْسِدُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ قَالُوا إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ مُصْلِحُونَ 

When asked to desist from spreading corruption in the land they say: “Why, we are reformers (Qur’an 2:11).”

kuffar

NATO forces in Khulfa Rashideen Mosque in Falluja, Iraq

“Those who are infidels aid one another. Unless you do the same there will be discord in the land and anarchy (Qur’an 8:73).”
IT IS TIME TO UNITE, PLEDGE AND STRIVE FOR THE
☪ UNITED NATIONS OF ISLAM
Say: “O Lord, forgive us and our brothers who came to faith before us, and do not put a grudge in our hearts against those who believe. O Lord, You are compassionate and kind (Qur’an 59:10).”

Muslims are not allowed to kill the women and children of their enemies even in war. How could we support the killing of our own women and children? A Muslim is not really a believer if he eats his full while ignoring the plight of a hungry neighbor. How could a believer then participate in economic sanctions designed to starve his own people to death?

We must free the Brotherhood from the servitude to the ideology of nation-states and the unjust international organizations so we can stop killing ourselves.

Allah gave us the right to form political parties, as long as the parties are in accordance to Islam and the party is participating in an Islamic system in an Islamic state.  Allah says in the Qur’an:

“Let there be among you a group that invites to the good, orders what is right and forbids what is evil, and they are those who are successful.” (Qur’an, 3:104)

Islam does not believe in being dominated but in being implemented as the only legitimate ideology the Creator allowed for mankind.  Islam does not believe that man has the right to be legislator for other men, because Islam believes that only Allah has the right to legislate laws for His Creation including mankind:

“The ‘Hukm’ (rule, decision) belongs only to Allaah.” (Al-Qur’aan, 12:67)

Islam forbids ruling by other than what Allah has revealed:

“And rule between them by that which Allaah has revealed and follow not their vain desires, but beware that they may turn you away from some of what Allaah has revealed.” (Al-Qur’aan, 5:49)

Allah describes those who do not rule by what He has revealed:

“And whosoever does not rule by what Allaah has revealed they are Kaafiroon.”  (Al-Qur’aan, 5:44)

“And whosoever does not rule by what Allaah has revealed they are Dhaalimoon.” (Al-Qur’aan, 5:45)

“And whosoever does not rule by what Allaah has revealed they are Faasiqoon.” (Al-Qur’aan, 5:47)

Remember that when Allah said in the ayah that who does not rule by what Allah has revealed are “Kuffar” (Quran, 5:44), Allah is talking about those who do not believe in Islam.  When Allah mentions the word “Dhaalimun” in 5:45 it refers to both the Muslim and non-Muslim who do not rule by what Allah has revealed.  Finally, when Allah says the word “Faasiqun,” it refers to the sinful, rebellious person (specifically a Muslim) who does not rule by what Allah has revealed.

Be patient if you are an anvil.
Be swift if you are a hammer.
Arabic wisdom

Muslims had sunk to the lowest depths of decline since the destruction of the Caliphate.  Muslims are divided into over 50 countries, they are waging wars against each other, placing and observing embargoes on fellow Muslims. Despite the disastrous effects of accepting kufr over Islam, many Muslims insist on promoting such evil that did nothing but betray the Ummah and put us through unbelievable suffering and grief. In several articles the techniques and methods of dealing with the Muslims are discussed.  In an article in the Baltimore Sun (7/7/92), “Time to Paint U.S.-Islamic Relations on a Brand New Canvas” offers some of the following strategies in dealing with the Muslims:

“Stop talking about the ‘world of Islam’ as if it were a monolithic whole; instead use ‘Muslim countries.”

Their attempts in creating a twisted version of “Islam” to making Muslims view their deen as just a religion that can accept the rule of kufr over them is very sinister indeed and is intended to make the return of the implementation of Islam something that will never happen.  And as we all know the enemies of Islam do not want to see the Laws of Allah ruling the earth.The Ummah is in sin by not implementing the Laws of Allah.  We cannot abandon the blessed, perfect, just system of Islam for the corrupt, evil, treacherous system of kufr that has the Muslims and the rest of the world in a big mess.  We cannot be slaves of the West nor can the Kuffar be our masters.  We cannot accept their systems and beliefs in which Allah did not reveal but something that Allah has cursed.  We must return to obeying our Creator fulfilling our duty to Him and lifting the humiliation that Allah put on us for disobeying Him.

 Crusaders in the 13th and 14th century were attacking Muslims and wanted to conquer Jerusalem. Their clothing was made of armor with a big cross over their chest. Later on, the cross became smaller and slowly changed to a white shirt and cravatt (neck tie). This resembles the cross and has become the symbol of western civilization, western domination, and capitalism. We must incrementally go forward to gain our religious identity and start wearing Sunnah and promoting it to our youth so they will be proud of their Islamic identity. We cannot expect our women to wear Hejab when we do not wear aba and instead, wear a cross (neck tie) around our neck.

Neighbourhood connections are very important in Islam, to the extent that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said,

“Jibreel kept on telling me to take care of my neighbors and strengthen my relationship with them until I thought that they would inherit me.”

The  importance  of  uterine  relationships  (Silat  Al-Arham)  and  family  ties  are  constantly referred to in the Quran, and they form a small-scale level of domestic unity. How often do you get together? If you live away from them, how often do you call? Is your family really still united? You know, that was our last level of unity we just lost.O Muslims, what then do you expect??? We did not obey the Divine Law! We lost every single level of unity and therefore there was no escape from the result, a terrible decline in all aspects of society. We need to build those bridges once again. We have to unite again on every of these levels! Enough selfishness because its killing us! Wake Up Muslims! We Are ONE Body! ONE Ummah! We Love Each Other!!

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said,

“And whom of you who dies without pledging his oath to a Khalifah will have died the death of a non-believer.”

All Islamic rituals help maintain and develop unity amongst Muslims. We pray five times a day, preferably in congregation so that everyone living on the same street, working in the same place, or studying at the same school could get together in a straight line and pray to their Lord. Then there is a weekly gathering for the whole neighborhood during the Friday Prayer (Jumuah), this helps maintain the neighborhood’s unity. Another larger scale of unity maintenance and development is during the month of Ramadan. All Muslims around the world spend the same month fasting. In a single city they cease from eating and start eating at the same time. This is another form of unity. And of course, there is the Pilgrimage (Hajj), the manifestation of  Muslim  unity. Muslims from  all around the globe come to same place, wearing the same clothes, worshiping the same God, repeating the same sentence, walking in the same direction at the same time, having the same goal, and getting the same reward. It’s unity at its highest levels. See how Islam helps us maintain and develop our unity? And see how separated we are today?

Related:

Democracy is a system of Kufr

Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) has said in the Holy Qur’an in Sûrah At-Tawbah, 9:33 that:

“It is He who has sent His Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) with guidance and the Deen of truth (Islam), to make it superior and prevail over all other deens, even though the Mushrikûn hate it.”

Finally, he (صلى الله عليه وسلم) sent envoys to the countries outside the Peninsula with the aim of establishing relations based on the spreading of Islam, by inviting them to embrace it.

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“A single day under a just ruler is better than 60 years of ibadah” (Bayhaqi, Tabarani)

And finally, how the kufr nations, especially ideological ones like America, determine their foreign policy is based solely on interest.  Whether it be economic, military, strategic or political, their motivation for the formulation of their foreign policy is interest and countless number of examples can be given in this regard when one looks into and assesses the actions of the kufr nations.  Their motivation in not the spreading of Islam nor its complete implementation or enforcement.  They do not things for “humanitarian reasons” unless doing so will help their interests.  They subjugate other nations on the basis that subjugating them must be beneficial for their interest or else they would not even bother investing so much time and effort in dealing with a nation that will not reap them the economic, military, strategic or political benefits. This is in sharp contrast to how the Islamic State deals with nations when it comes to spreading the rule of Islam to other lands as Taqîyud-dîn an-Nabhânî so eloquently points out:

“That is why the Islamic State was never selective in the countries it conquered, it never made any difference to the Muslims how difficult or easy was their task.  And although Egypt was relatively easy to conquer and its resources were considerable compared with the harsh Saharan climate of North Africa with its poverty, the Muslims never took those factors into consideration because their ultimate goal was to spread Islam.  This necessitated the liberation of every country regardless of its poverty or wealth and regardless of the resistance put up by its people.  Carrying Islam to other nations is not motivated based on wealth or the poverty factor, nor will the acceptance or refusal of the people stall the carrying of the Message.  The main aim is simply the conveyance of Islam, to establish it as an intellectual leadership from which a way of life emanates.  The Message should be carried to all mankind in all countries.”

Rasulullah( صلى الله عليه وسلم‎) said,

إِنَّمَا الْإِمَامُ جُنَّةٌ يُقَاتَلُ مِنْ وَرَائِهِ وَيُتَّقَى بِهِ

“Indeed, the Imam (Khaleefah) is a shield, from behind whom you fight and by whom you are protected.” (Muslim)

We should call upon the Muslims to follow the example the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) who was the best example to follow as Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) made it clear in The Holy Qur’an in Surah Al-Ahzâb, 33:21

“Indeed in the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) you have an excellent example to follow for him who hopes for (the Meeting with) Allah and the Last Day, and remembers much.”

Concerning the time Muslims would follow the ways of the Kuffâr religiously, Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said in a Hadith narrated  by Abu Said:

The Prophet said, “You will follow the wrong ways, of your predecessors so completely and literally that if they should go into the hole of a lizard, you too will go there.” We said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Do you mean the Jews and the Christians?” He replied, “Whom else?” (Meaning, of course, the Jews and the Christians.) (Sahîh al-Bukhârî, Vol. 4, Book 56, Hadith No. 662)

We must keep in mind that Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) revealed a completed and perfected Deen to all of mankind:

“This day I have perfected your deen for you, completed My Favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your deen”  (The Holy Qur’an, Sûrah Mâ’idah, 5:3)

“Say: ‘Truly, my prayer, my sacrifice, my life and my death, are (all) for Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), the Lord of the Âlamîn (mankind, jinns, and all that exist).’” (The Holy Qur’an, Sûrah Al-An`âm, 6:162)

 ‘I merely created Jinn and humans to worship Me.’ (The Holy Qur’an, Sûrah adh-Dhâriyât, 51:56)

‘Prayer keeps one away from Fahshâ’ (vice) and munkar.’  (The Holy Qur’an, Sûrah Al-`Ankabût, 29:45)

Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) also said that He revealed to us the Sharî`ah and its methodology for its application and enforcement:

“…We have prescribed a law (the Sharî’ah) and a method (Minhâj, Tarîqah)…”  (The Holy Qur’an, Sûrah Mâ’idah, 5:48)

So when it comes to the application and enforcement of Islam, it must be based on the Islam methodology that was revealed by Allah (سبحانه و تعالى).  Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said in a Hadith narrated by `Â’ishah (رضي الله عنها):

Allah’s Apostle said, “Whoever innovates in this affair of ours something that We have not commanded, that thing is rejected.” (Sahîh al-Bukhârî, Vol. 3, Book 49, Hadith No. 861)

Abu Hurayrah (رضي الله عنه) reported Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) as saying:

“The world is a prison for a believer and paradise for a non-believer.” (Sahîh Muslim, Book 42, Hadith No. 7058)

Thus, keeping away from the Fahshâ’ and munkar is a consequence which would occur as a result of praying.  The âyah does not give the meaning of the `illah because it is the cause that makes the rule exist and not just a result or consequence of a rule.  Whereas the Hikmah may or may not exist, the `illah will always exist with its corresponding Hukm (ruling), as in a cause-effect relationship.

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“Whoever helps an oppressor in his oppression, comes on the day of judgement, written on his head ‘Despairing of the mercy of Allah’.”

[Narrated Anas bin Malik (Al-Firdos Bima’thoor il-Khitaab)]

It has been narrated on the authority of Ibn `Umar that the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“Beware. Every one of you is a shepherd and every one is answerable with regard to his flock. The Caliph is a shepherd over the people and shall be questioned about his subjects (as to how he conducted their affairs).
A man is a guardian over the members of his family and shall be questioned about them (as to how he looked after their physical and moral well being).
A woman is a guardian over the household of her husband and his children and shall be questioned about them (as to how she managed the household and brought up the children).
A slave is a guardian over the property of his master and shall be questioned about it (as to how he safeguarded his trust).
Beware, every one of you is a guardian and every one of you shall be questioned with regard to his trust.” (Sahîh Muslim, Book 20, Hadith No. 4496)

Then the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“By the One Who owns Muhammad’s soul, if Moses (عليه السلام) were alive and reached [the time of] my prophethood he would have followed me. ” (Sunan ad-Dârimî, Hadith No. 436)

This says clearly that even if Moses (عليه السلام) were alive at the time of Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم), he (عليه السلام) would have to follow the Sharî`ah of Islam that was given to Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم).  As for at the âyât in Surah al-Mumtahinah where it mentions Prophet Ibrahîm (عليه السلام) being an “excellent example,” it contains the conjunction “when” (idh) which makes it specific to a pertinent situation and not general as in the following the “excellent example” of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم):

“Indeed, there was an excellent example for you in Ibrahîm (Abraham) and those with him when  (idh) they said to their people…” (The Holy Qur’an, Sûrah al-Mumtahinah, 60:4)

This is in contrast to the generality of the “excellent example” of Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) which is not restricted to a specific situation but is general for all situations:

“Indeed in the Messenger of Allah you have an excellent example to follow for him who hopes for (the Meeting with) Allah and the Last Day.”  (Sûrah al-Ahzâb, 33:21)

When we participate in a kufr system, we are not working towards its abolishment; what happens is that its existence is further perpetuated by the involvement of people who are working in accordance to the system.  This is sharp contrast to the time of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) when he (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and the Sahâbah (رضی اللہ عنهم) worked hard and achieved by the Permission of Allah the full abolishment of the kufr system of Quraysh.  There was no attempt on the part of the Muslims at that time to “work within” the system of Quraysh via lobbying, voting for candidates, or even running for the candidacy in a particular office in their system.  The Muslims at that time could have opted to suffer much less and achieve more material benefits but did not because that would go against and compromise Islam.

Finally, Allah made it Haraam to elect a kaafir to have an authority or way over the Muslims:

“Allah will not grant the Kuffar a way over the Muslims.” (Qur’an, 4:141)

ولا تهنوا ولا تحزنوا وأنتم الأعلون إن كنتم مؤمنين
So do not lose heart or be grieved for you will surely prevail if you are believers. [3:139]

As a soldier in the army of God in promoting Islam-

Sunnah is our uniform. Our leader is Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم)). And our constitution is preserved in the Holy Quran.

(تقبل الله منا ومنكم (آميـــــــــــن

Qur’an and Hadith on Hijab

muslim-women-hijab-parda-girls-islam-quran-hadith-fatwa-ruling

Praise be to Allaah. Verses that have to do with hijab:

1 – Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts) and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent (like both eyes for necessity to see the way, or outer palms of hands or one eye or dress like veil, gloves, headcover, apron), and to draw their veils all over Juyoobihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms) and not to reveal their adornment except to their husbands, or their fathers, or their husband’s fathers, or their sons, or their husband’s sons, or their brothers or their brother’s sons, or their sister’s sons, or their (Muslim) women (i.e. their sisters in Islam), or the (female) slaves whom their right hands possess, or old male servants who lack vigour, or small children who have no sense of feminine sex. And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment. And all of you beg Allaah to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful” [al-Noor 24:31] 

2 – Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And as for women past childbearing who do not expect wedlock, it is no sin on them if they discard their (outer) clothing in such a way as not to show their adornment. But to refrain (i.e. not to discard their outer clothing) is better for them. And Allaah is All‑Hearer, All‑Knower” [al-Noor 24:60] 

“Women past childbearing” are those who no longer menstruate, so they can no longer get pregnant or bear children. We shall see below the words of Hafsah bint Sireen and the way in which she interpreted this verse.

3 – Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies (i.e. screen themselves completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way). That will be better, that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed. And Allaah is Ever Oft‑Forgiving, Most Merciful” [al-Ahzaab 33:59] 

4 – Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“O you who believe! Enter not the Prophet’s houses, unless permission is given to you for a meal, (and then) not (so early as) to wait for its preparation. But when you are invited, enter, and when you have taken your meal, disperse without sitting for a talk. Verily, such (behaviour) annoys the Prophet, and he is shy of (asking) you (to go); but Allaah is not shy of (telling you) the truth. And when you ask (his wives) for anything you want, ask them from behind a screen, that is purer for your hearts and for their hearts. And it is not (right) for you that you should annoy Allaah’s Messenger, nor that you should ever marry his wives after him (his death). Verily, with Allaah that shall be an enormity” [al-Ahzaab 33:53] 

With regard to the Ahaadeeth: 

1 – It was narrated from Safiyyah bint Shaybah that ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) used to say: When these words were revealed–

and to draw their veils all over Juyoobihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms)

– they took their izaars (a kind of garment) and tore them from the edges and covered their faces with them. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 4481. The following version was narrated by Abu Dawood (4102): May Allaah have mercy on the Muhaajir women. When Allaah revealed the words

and to draw their veils all over Juyoobihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms)”,

they tore the thickest of their aprons (a kind of garment) and covered their faces with them. Shaykh Muhammad al-Ameen al-Shanqeeti (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: This hadeeth clearly states that what the Sahaabi women mentioned here understood from this verse –

and to draw their veils all over Juyoobihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms)

– was that they were to cover their faces, and that they tore their garments and covered their faces with them, in obedience to the command of Allaah in the verse where He said

and to draw their veils all over Juyoobihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms)

which meant covering their faces. Thus the fair-minded person will understand that woman’s observing hijab and covering her face in front of men is established in the saheeh Sunnah that explains the Book of Allaah. ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) praised those women for hastening to follow the command of Allaah given in His Book. It is known that their understanding of the words

and to draw their veils all over Juyoobihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms)

as meaning covering the face came from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), because he was there and they asked him about everything that they did not understand about their religion. And Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And We have also sent down unto you (O Muhammad) the Dhikr [reminder and the advice (i.e. the Qur’aan)], that you may explain clearly to men what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought” [al-Nahl 16:44]

Ibn Hajar said in Fath al-Baari: There is a report of Ibn Abi Haatim via ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Uthmaan ibn Khaytham from Safiyyah that explains that. This report says: We mentioned the women of Quraysh and their virtues in the presence of ‘Aa’ishah and she said: “The women of Quraysh are good, but by Allaah I have never seen any better than the women of the Ansaar, or any who believed the Book of Allaah more strongly or had more faith in the Revelation. When Soorat al-Noor was revealed –

and to draw their veils all over Juyoobihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms)

– their menfolk came to them and recited to them what had been revealed, and there was not one woman among them who did not go to her apron, and the following morning they prayed wrapped up as if there were crows on their heads. It was also narrated clearly in the report of al-Bukhaari narrated above, where we see ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her), who was so knowledgeable and pious, praising them in this manner and stating that she had never seen any women who believed the Book of Allaah more strongly or had more faith in the Revelation. This clearly indicates that they understood from this verse –

and to draw their veils all over Juyoobihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms)

– that it was obligatory to cover their faces and that this stemmed from their belief in the Book of Allaah and their faith in the Revelation. It also indicates that women’s observing hijab in front of men and covering their faces is an act of belief in the Book of Allaah and faith in the Revelation. It is very strange indeed that some of those who claim to have knowledge say that there is nothing in the Qur’aan or Sunnah that says that women have to cover their faces in front of non-mahram men, even though the Sahaabi women did that in obedience to the command of Allaah in His Book, out of faith in the Revelation, and that this meaning is also firmly entrenched in the Sunnah, as in the report from al-Bukhaari quoted above. This is among the strongest evidence that all Muslim women are obliged to observe hijab. Adwa’ al-Bayaan, 6/594-595.

2 – It was narrated from ‘Aa’ishah that the wives of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to go out at night to al-Manaasi’ (well known places in the direction of al-Baqee’) to relieve themselves and ‘Umar used to say to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him),

“Let your wives be veiled.”

But the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not do that. Then one night Sawdah bint Zam’ah, the wife of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), went out at ‘Isha’ time and she was a tall woman. ‘Umar called out to her: “We have recognized you, O Sawdah!” hoping that hijab would be revealed, then Allaah revealed the verse of hijab. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 146; Muslim, 2170. 

3 – It was narrated from Ibn Shihaab that Anas said: I am the most knowledgeable of people about hijab. Ubayy ibn Ka’b used to ask me about it. When the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married Zaynab bint Jahsh, whom he married in Madeenah, he invited the people to a meal after the sun had risen. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) sat down and some men sat around him after the people had left, until the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stood up and walked a while, and I walked with him, until he reached the door of ‘Aa’ishah’s apartment. Then he thought that they had left so he went back and I went back with him, and they were still sitting there. He went back again, and I went with him, until he reached the door of ‘Aa’ishah’s apartment, then he came back and I came back with him, and they had left. Then he drew a curtain between me and him, and the verse of hijab was revealed. Al-Bukhaari, 5149; Muslim, 1428. 

4 – It was narrated from ‘Urwah that ‘Aa’ishah said:

“The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to pray Fajr and the believing women would attend (the prayer) with him, wrapped in their aprons, then they would go back to their houses and no one would recognize them.”

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 365; Muslim, 645. 

5 – It was narrated that ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said:

“The riders used to pass by us when we were with the Messenger of Allaah (S) in ihraam, and when they drew near to us we would lower our jilbabs from our heads over our faces, then when they had passed we would uncover them again.” 

Narrated by Abu Dawood, 1833; Ibn Maajah, 2935; classed as saheeh by Ibn Khuzaymah (4,203) and by al-Albaani in Kitaab Jilbaab al-Mar’ah al-Muslimah.

6 – It was narrated that Asma’ bint Abi Bakr said:

We used to cover our faces in front of men.

Narrated by Ibn Khuzaymah, 4/203; al-Haakim, 1/624. He classed it as saheeh and al-Dhahabi agreed with him. It was also classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Jilbaab al-Mar’ah al-Muslimah.

7 – It was narrated that ‘Aasim al-Ahwaal said: We used to enter upon Hafsah bint Sireen who had put her jilbab thus and covered her face with it, and we would say to her: May Allaah have mercy on you. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And as for women past childbearing who do not expect wedlock, it is no sin on them if they discard their (outer) clothing in such a way as not to show their adornment” [al-Noor 24:60].

And she would say to us: What comes after that? We would say: “But to refrain (i.e. not to discard their outer clothing) is better for them”. And she would say: That is confirming the idea of hijab. Narrated by al-Bayhaqi, 7/93.

Correct Hijaab   Shaykh al-Albaani (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: The conditions of hijaab:

Firstly:   (It should cover all the body apart from whatever has been exempted). Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):  

“O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies (i.e. screen themselves completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way). That will be better, that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed. And Allaah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”

  This aayah clearly states that it is obligatory to cover all of a woman’s beauty and adornments and not to display any part of that before non-mahram men (“strangers”) except for whatever appears unintentionally, in which case there will be no sin on them if they hasten to cover it up. Al-Haafiz ibn Katheer said in his Tafseer:

This means that they should not display any part of their adornment to non-mahrams, apart from that which it is impossible to conceal. Ibn Mas’ood said: such as the cloak and robe, i.e., what the women of the Arabs used to wear, an outer garment which covered whatever the woman was wearing, except for whatever appeared from beneath the outer garment. There is no sin on a woman with regard to this because it is impossible to conceal it.

Secondly   (it should not be an adornment in and of itself). Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):  

“… and not to show off their adornment…” [al-Noor 24:31].

The general meaning of this phrase includes the outer garment, because if it is decorated it will attract men’s attention to her. This is supported by the aayah in Soorat al-Ahzaab (interpretation of the meaning):

“And stay in your houses, and do not display yourselves like that of the times of ignorance” [al-Ahzaab 33:33].

It is also supported by the hadeeth in which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

“There are three, do not ask me about them: a man who leaves the jamaa’ah, disobeys his leader and dies disobedient; a female or male slave who runs away then dies; and a woman whose husband is absent and left her with everything she needs, and after he left she made a wanton display of herself. Do not ask about them.”

(Narrated by al-Haakim, 1/119; Ahmad, 6/19; from the hadeeth of Faddaalah bint ‘Ubayd. Its isnaad is saheeh and it is in al-Adab al-Mufrad).

Thirdly: (It should be thick and not transparent or “see-thru”) – because it cannot cover properly otherwise. Transparent or see-thru clothing makes a woman more tempting and beautiful. Concerning this the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

“During the last days of my ummah there will be women who are clothed but naked, with something on their heads like the humps of camels. Curse them, for they are cursed.”

Another hadeeth adds:

“They will not enter Paradise or even smell its fragrance, although its fragrance can be detected from such and such a distance.”

(Narrated by Muslim from the report of Abu Hurayrah).

Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr said: what the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) meant was women who wear clothes made of light fabric which describes and does not cover. They are clothed in name but naked in reality. Transmitted by al-Suyooti in Tanweer al-Hawaalik, 3/103.

Fourthly:   (It should be loose, not tight so that it describes any part of the body).

The purpose of clothing is to prevent fitnah (temptation), and this can only be achieved if clothes are wide and loose. Tight clothes, even if they conceal the colour of the skin, still describe the size and shape of the body or part of it, and create a vivid image in the minds of men. The corruption or invitation to corruption that is inherent in that is quite obvious. So the clothes must be wide. Usaamah ibn Zayd said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) gave me a thick Egyptian garment that was one of the gifts given to him by Duhyat al-Kalbi, and I gave it to my wife to wear. He said, ‘Why do I not see you wearing that Egyptian garment?’ I said, ‘I gave it to my wife to wear.’ He said, ‘Tell her to wear a gown underneath it, for I am afraid that it may describe the size of her bones.’” (Narrated by al-Diyaa’ al-Maqdisi in al-Ahaadeeth al-Mukhtaarah, 1/442, and by Ahmad and al-Bayhaqi, with a hasan isnaad).

Fifthly:   (It should not be perfumed with bakhoor or fragrance)

There are many ahaadeeth which forbid women to wear perfume when they go out of their houses. We will quote here some of those which have saheeh isnaads: Abu Moosa al-Ash’ari said: the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

“Any woman who puts on perfume then passes by people so that they can smell her fragrance, is an adulteress.”

Zaynab al-Thaqafiyyah reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

“If any one of you (women) goes out to the mosque, let her not touch any perfume.”

Abu Hurayrah said: the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

“Any woman who has scented herself with bakhoor (incense), let her not attend ‘Ishaa’ prayers with us.”

Moosa ibn Yassaar said that a woman passed by Abu Hurayrah and her scent was overpowering. He said, “O female slave of al-Jabbaar, are you going to the mosque?” She said, “Yes,” He said, “And have you put on perfume because of that?” She said, “Yes.” He said, “Go back and wash yourself, for I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say:

‘If a woman comes out to the mosque and her fragrance is overpowering, Allaah will not accept any prayer from her until she goes home and washes herself.’”

These ahaadeeth are general in implication. Just as the prohibition covers perfume applied to the body, it also covers perfume applied to the clothes, especially in the third hadeeth, where bakhoor (incense) is mentioned, because incense is used specifically to perfume the clothes.

The reason for this prohibition is quite clear, which is that women’s fragrance may cause undue provocation of desires. The scholars also included other things under this heading of things to be avoided by women who want to go to the mosque, such as beautiful clothes, jewellery that can be seen, excessive adornments and mingling with men. See Fath al-Baari, 2/279.

Ibn Daqeeq al-‘Eed said: This indicates that it is forbidden for a woman who wants to go to the mosque to wear perfume, because this causes provocation of men’s desires. This was reported by al-Manaawi in Fayd al-Qadeer, in the commentary on the first hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah quoted above.

Sixthly:   (It should not resemble the clothing of men) It was reported in the saheeh ahaadeeth that a woman who imitates men in dress or in other ways is cursed. There follow some of the ahaadeeth that we know: Abu Hurayrah said:

“The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) cursed the man who wears women’s clothes, and the woman who wears men’s clothes.”

‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Amr said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say:

‘They are not part of us, the women who imitate men and the men who imitate women.’”

Ibn ‘Abbaas said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) cursed effeminate men and masculine women. He said, ‘Throw them out of your houses.’” He said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) expelled So and so, and ‘Umar expelled So and so.” According to another version: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) cursed men who imitate women and women who imitate men.” ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Amr said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

‘There are three who will not enter Paradise and Allaah will not even look at them on the Day of Resurrection: one who disobeys his parents, a woman who imitates men, and the duyooth (cuckold, weak man who feels no jealousy over his womenfolk).”

Ibn Abi Maleekah – whose name was ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Ubayd-Allaah – said: “It was said to ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her), ‘What if a woman wears (men’s) sandals?’ She said: ‘The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) cursed women who act like men.’”

These ahaadeeth clearly indicate that it is forbidden for women to imitate men and vice versa, This usually includes dress and other matters, apart from the first hadeeth quoted above, which refers to dress only.

Abu Dawood said, in Masaa’il al-Imaam Ahmad (p. 261): “I heard Ahmad being asked about a man who dresses his slave woman in a tunic. He said, ‘Do not clothe her in men’s garments, do not make her look like a man.” Abu Dawood said: “I said to Ahmad, Can he give her bachelor sandals to wear? He said, No, unless she wears them to do wudoo’. I said, What about for beauty? He said, No. I said, Can he cut her hair short? He said, No.”

Seventhly:   (It should not resemble the dress of kaafir women).

It is stated in sharee’ah that Muslims, men and women alike, should not resemble or imitate the kuffaar with regard to worship, festivals or clothing that is specific to them. This is an important Islamic principle which nowadays, unfortunately, is neglected by many Muslims, even those who care about religion and calling others to Islam. This is due either to ignorance of their religion, or because they are following their own whims and desires, or because of deviation, combined with modern customs and imitation of kaafir Europe. This was one of the causes of the Muslims’ decline and weakness, which enabled the foreigners to overwhelm and colonize them.

“…Verily, Allaah will not change the condition of a people as long as they do not change their state themselves …” [al-Ra’d 13:11 – interpretation of the meaning].

If only they knew. It should be known that there is a great deal of saheeh evidence for these important rules in the Qur’aan and Sunnah, and that the evidence in the Qur’aan is elaborated upon in the Sunnah, as is always the case.

Eighthly:   (It should not be a garment of fame and vanity). Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

‘Whoever wears a garment of fame and vanity in this world, Allaah will clothe him in a garment of humiliation on the Day of Resurrection, then He will cause Fire to flame up around him.’”

(Hijaab al-Mar’ah al-Muslimah, p. 54-67).

And Allaah knows best.

Islamic Books on Manhaj

▷ Click on the links below to read/download

Dua The Weapon Of The Believer
Al Hisnul Hasin
Power of Dua
Essential Duas in the life of a Muslim
Islamic Etiquette
Islamic Etiquettes by Zubair Abdul Majeed
Etiquettes of Life In Islam By Mohammad Yusuf Islahi
Jihad in the Qur’aan and Sunnah
The Book of Jihad
The Virtues of Jihad
39 Ways To Serve And Participate In Jihad
Thawaabit ‘ala Darb al-Jihad 
Jihad: The Method for Khilafah
The Centrality of the Khilafah in Islam
Accountability in Khilafah
Minhaj e Talibin | Laws of Shariah (Shafi)
Mukhtasar Minhaj Al-Qasideen (Towards the Hereafter)
Man-Made Laws Vs. Shari’ah
Islamic Sharia Law
Purification Of The Soul: Concept, Process And Means
In the Early Hours (Reflections on Spiritual and Self Development))
Tazkia-e-Nafs

The Criticism of Democracy and the Illustration of its Reality

anti-democracyWhat is democracy and what are its origins?

Democracy is the principle of the mastership of the people; and that mastership is an absolute and a supreme authority. This authority consists in the people’s right to choose their leaders and legislate whatever laws they want.

The people usually practice this authority through delegation, by electing MPs who will represent them in the parliament and practices authority on their behalf. This mastership is the supreme authority above which there is no authority. Joseph Frankel – a western politician said: `the mastership means the supreme authority, which does not acknowledge any authority to be above it.

(The word `parliament’ derives from the French word `parler’, to speak or talk, and from the middle ages kings summoned representative advisers to their palace at Westminster to discuss the affairs of state).

democracy-exposed

The democratic system was founded in England and France, then from them it was transmitted to the other countries.

The pillars of democracy were established by the French Revolution in 1789. However, the parliamentary systems was founded in England one century before that. Ideologically, the principle of the mastership of the nation – which is the basis of democratic school of thought – had developed before the French Revolution for decades. This appeared in the writings of John Locke, Montesquieu and Jean Jacque Rousseau, who founded the theory of the social contract, which is the basis of the theory of the mastership of the nation. This was as a reaction and a war against the theory of divine delegation which had been widespread in Europe for about ten centuries. Such theory decided that the kings ruled by a choice and delegation from God. As a consequence, the Kings used to possess an absolute authority, supported in this by the priests (Roman Catholic Church).

Indeed the European peoples suffered severely from the absolute rule. Accordingly, the mastership of the nations was the best substitute for them, so as to find their way out of the supreme reign of the kings and the priests who ruled by the delegation of God – as they claimed. Therefore, democracy was originally founded to rebel against the authority of God, and grant the entire authority to Man to make his own way of life and laws without any restrictions.

The transition from the theory of delegation of God to that of the mastership of the nation was not a peaceful one. Rather, it happened by means of one of the bloodiest revolutions in the world, and that was the French Revolution in 1789, which had as its motto: `hang the last King by the intestines of the last priest’.

The French Revolution ended up with some highly important outcomes. Indeed there was born, for the first time in the history of Christian Europe, a non-religious republican state. Its philosophy was based on ruling in the name of the people instead of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), on the freedom of belief instead of Catholicism, on individualism instead of being restricted by the religious conduct, and on man-made rule instead of the decisions of the church’.

The theory of the mastership of the nation and its right to lay down its laws appeared, indeed, in the principles of the French Revolution and its ruling system. Thus the sixth act of the declaration of the rights in 1789 stated: `the law is the expression of the will of the nation’. This means that the law is not an expression of the will of the Church or the will of God. In a declaration of the rights of man, which was issued along with the French ruling system in 1793, the 25th Act stated: `the mastership is centered in the people’. This why Abdul Hamid Mitwalli said: `the principles of the Revolution of 1789 are considered to be the basis of the western, democratic principles.’

The Islamic Verdict On Democracy, MPs And Those Who Vote For Them

With democracy, the supreme authority does not recognize any other authority to be higher than it, because its authority emanates from itself. Therefore, it does that which it wills and legislates that which it wills, without being accounted by anyone. But this is the ATTRIBUTE of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى):

And Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) judges there is none to put back His Judgment and He is swift at reckoning. (Qur’an 13:41). Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) commands that which He Wills. (Qur’an 5:2) Verily Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) does what He Wills(Qur’an 22:14 )

We conclude from this that democracy ascribes the attributes of Uluhia (Godhead) to man, by granting him the absolute right to legislate. Owing to this, it has made him an Ilah (God) beside Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) and a partner to him concerning the right of legislating for the creation. This is no doubt a Kufr Akbar (i.e. Kufr that takes a person outside the fold of Islam). To put it more precisely, the new God in democracy is the desire of man, who legislates what he fancies and desires, without being restricted by anything. In the Qur’an Allah states:

Have you (O Mohammed) seen him who has taken as his Ilah (God) his own desire ? Would you then be a wakil (protecting guide) over him ? Or do you think that most of them hear and understand? They are only like cattle – nay; they are even farther astray from the path (i.e. even worse than cattle) .(Qur’an 25:43-44)

This makes democracy a self established religion in which the mastership is for the people. In contrast, in the religion of Islam the mastership belongs to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) as the messenger of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) said: the master is Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) [Narrated by Abu Dawud in his sunan, the book of Al-Adab (manners) and classified as Sahih].

One famous person wrote:

“The western civilization is founded on three pillars: secularism, nationalism and democracy. As for the third principle: (that is) democracy or ascribing Godhead to man, by joining the previous pillars, the picture which encompasses within its frame suffering and the weariness of the world becomes complete. With democracy the inhabitants of a place are free concerning that which fulfils their social welfare, and that the law of such a place stems from their desires.

Secularism has liberated the people from worshipping Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), obeying Him, fearing Him and from the established restrictions of conduct. It has also caused them to wander wherever they wish, and has made them slaves of themselves without being responsible to anyone.

Nationalism has come to give them big mouthfuls of the wine of egoism, pride, arrogation and disrespect for others.

Finally, democracy has come to make this man – after granting him freedom and making a prisoner of the desires of the self, and obsessed by the pleasure of egoism – sit on the throne of Godhead. Thus it has bestowed on him the full authority of legislating and making laws, and has made the ruling system, with all its capacities, at his services in order to fulfill everything that he requests.

Nationalism, secularism and democracy contradicts the religion of Aqeedah that Muslims embrace. So if you surrender to it, this would as if you have left the book of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) behind your backs; and if you take part in establishing or keeping it, you have indeed betrayed your Messenger whom Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) sent to you. Wherever this system is present, Islam does not exist, and wherever Islam is present there is no place for this system.”

The above was said by Professor Abu Ul-Aala Al-Mawdudi, founder and former leader of a group called Jamaat Islami. Unfortunately in Pakistan, Jamaat Islami has taken democracy as a methodology and has participated in the parliamentary elections in Pakistan – which is a secularist state – during Al-Mawdudi’s lifetime, after his death and until today.

Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) said:

Why do you say that which you do not do ? Most hateful in the sight of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) that you say that which you do not. (Qur’an 6:23)

Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) also said:

`Enjoin you Al-Birr (piety and righteousness and each and every act of obedience to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) on the people and you forget (to practice it) yourselves, while you recite the Scripture ! Have you no sense? (Qur’an 2:44)

As the people are the ones to whom the mastership belongs – in democracy – and who practice it by means of their delegates in the parliament, therefore both parties are falling into Kufr. The members of the parliament and those amongst the people who vote them for these positions.

As for the MPs, the cause of their Kufr is that they are the ones to whom the applicable mastership belongs, and are the ones who legislate for the people beside Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), be it by making laws, legislating them or consenting on them.

Besides all the modern, secularist ruling systems state that: `the authority of legislation belongs to the Parliament’, whether this parliament is called the House of Commons, The National Assembly, The Congress, The Legislative Assembly or something else. This sets up the MPs as partners to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) in His Rububia (i.e. His right of being the sole Legislator for mankind, and this is one of His Actions).

`Or have they partners (false gods) with Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), who have instituted for them religion which Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) has not allowed. (Qur’an 42:21)

The religion – in one of its meanings – is the people’s life system, be it true or false because of His saying: to you be your religion and to me my religion. (Qur’an 109:6)

So Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), Praise and Glory be to Him, called the Kufr that the Kufr were upon, a religion. Therefore whoever legislates for the people, has indeed appointed himself as a God to them and has made himself a partner with Allah (سبحانه و تعالى). This is one evidence.

Another proof concerning the Kufr of these MPs is that by legislating for the people, they have set themselves as gods besides Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), and that is the very same Kufr mentioned in his saying:

`Say (O Mohammed [saw]: O People of the Scriptures Come to a word that is just between us and you, that we worship none but Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) and that we associated no partner with Him, and that none of us shall take other as Lords besides Allah (سبحانه و تعالى). And if they turn away: then say: Bear Witness that we are they who have surrendered unto Him’. (Qur’an 3:64)

Indeed this Rububia (Godhead), which is mentioned in this verse in regard to legislating beside Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), is the same as the one mentioned in His saying:

`They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their lord, beside Allah (سبحانه و تعالى); (Qur’an 9:31)

Adey bin Hatim, may Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) be pleased with him – who was a Christian and then embraced Islam said: I came to the Messenger () of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) while he was reciting Surah At-Taubah till he reached this verse: ` they (Jews and Christians) took their Rabbis and their Monks to be their Lords beside Allah (سبحانه و تعالى)‘. So I said: `O Messenger () of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), we never took them as lords. He (Prophet () ) said: `Yes (you did). Did not they legalise for you that which Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) forbade you, and you forbade it ?’ I said: `yes indeed’. He said: `that is worshipping them.‘ [Narrated by Ahmed and Tirmidhi who classified it as Sahih].

Concerning the tafsir of this verse Al-Alussi said: ‘Most of the tafsir scholars said: `the meaning of lords is not because they believed that they were the gods of the universe, rather, the meaning is that they obeyed them in what they commanded and forbade’. All of this illustrates that whoever legislates for the people besides Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), such as the Rabbis of the Jews, the Monks of the Christians and the MPs, he has indeed set himself up as a lord to them, and that is enough as a clear kufr. So should anyone of these MPs be pleased with this parliamentary job of Shirk or participate in it, his Kufr is clear without any doubt. As for the MP who claims that he is not pleased with it, and that he has only entered the parliament for Daawa and reform, he is a Kafir as well. His saying so is but a trick to deceive the laymen and the ignorant people, and a shield by which he defends himself. The reason behind his kufr is that his entering the parliament is a recognition of the legality of their activities i.e. going to the desire of the people for judgment, and is an abiding by its principles and the principle of the system through which they (parliaments) were established. So all of this is a voluntary going to the Taghut (false gods) for judgment, which makes the person who does it a Kafir, because Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) says:

And in whatsoever you differ the decision thereof is with Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) (He is the Ruling Judge) (Qur’an 42:10)

In contrast, democracy states: `And in whatsoever you differ, the decision thereof is with the delegates of the people in the parliaments or with the majority of the people in the referendum.` All the MPs of the House of Commons are abiding by this Kufr principle, and if they show the least opposition to it, they will be dismissed from it according to its regulations. So whoever manifests Kufr to us we shall manifest to him Takfeer (i.e. judging a person as a kafir)… These parliaments are based on disbelief in the verses of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), because their prime task is to legislate beside Him, Praise and Glory be to Him. Therefore, whoever sits with them in Kufr…. There is another Kufr task for the MPs which some people are not aware of. Their job is not only to take charge of the authority of legislating beside Allah (سبحانه و تعالى).

Rather, all the modern, secularist ruling systems state that the parliament is the one which gives assertion to the general politics of the country and observes the activities of the government which carries out (laws), and that is the government; and that the government is responsible in the presence of the parliament. This means that all the kufr which the government practices – such as ruling by man-made laws and following the secularist method – the non-religious one – in both external and internal politics, in education, media, economy, or else – is decided upon by the MPs, who grant license to the governments to implement them. In fact they have the right to account the government if it deviates from this kufr or permits its implementation.

The fourth thing that nullifies Islam: everyone who believes that it is permissible to rule by other than the Shariah of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) in dealings, hudud (Islamic Penal code) or something else. In fact, even if he does not believe that this is better than the rule of the Shari, because by permitting this, he would legalese that which Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) has forbidden by the Ijma (unanimous consensus); and everyone who legalizes that which Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) has forbidden and which is known from the religion by necessity, such as fornication, wine, riba (usury) and ruling by other than the Shari of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), he is a kafir by the Ijma of the Muslims. Additionally, in his essay, `The Criticism of the Arabs Nationalism`, Sheik Bin Baz described the ruling by man-made laws as `This is the great mischief, the clear kufr and the manifest Ridda (Apostasy). As for those amongst the people who vote for them (MPs), they are committing kufr as well, because according to the parliamentary democracy, the voters are in reality delegating them so as to practice the mastership of shirk-legislating beside Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) – on their behalf. Thus the voters give the MPs the right to implement shirk, and set them up – through their voting – as legislating lords beside Allah (سبحانه و تعالى). Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) says:

`Nor would he order you to take angels and Prophets for lords (gods). Would he order you to disbelieve after you have submitted to Allah’s will.‘ (Qur’an 3:80)

So if a person who takes angels and Prophets as lords has become a kafir, how then about the person who takes the MPs for that?

Say (O Muhammad [saw]): O People of the scriptures (Jews and Christians), come to a word that is just between us and you, that we worship none but Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), and that we associate no partners with Him, and one of us shall take others as lords besides Allah (سبحانه و تعالى)” (Qur’an 3:64)

Consequently, taking people as lords besides Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) is a shirk and a disbelief in Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), and that is what those who vote for the MPs are doing.

Professor Sayyed Qutb, may Allah’s mercy be upon him, said concerning the previous verse: `Verily, people, in all the systems of the earth, are taking one another as lords beside Allah (سبحانه و تعالى). This is happening in the most progressed democracies as well as in the most declined dictatorships…Verily the prime quality of Rububia is the right of making people worship Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), the right of establishing systems, schools of thought, Sharai’ (plural of Shariah ?), laws, values and standards.

These group of people, who are subjugating the others to their laws, standards, values and conceptions, are the lords of the earth whom some people are taking as lords beside Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), and are allowing them to claim Uluhia and Rububia. Owing to this, they are worshipping them beside Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), even if they do not make sujud (prostration) and ruku (bowing) to them, because worship is ascribed to none but Allah (سبحانه و تعالى).`

Sayyed Qutub said: `And Islam…is the religion for Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), and which every Messenger came with from Allah (سبحانه و تعالى). Indeed Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) sent the Messengers with this religion to liberate mankind from the worship of the slaves to the worship of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), and from the oppression of the slaves to the Justice of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى). Therefore, whoever turns away from it, is not a Muslim by the testimony of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), no matter how the misconceived people misinterpret and the misguided lead. Verily the religion for Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) is Islam.’ These secularist parliaments, wherein legislating kufr laws, permitting them and, in fact, reinforcing their implementation are fulfilled, are today similar to the Mushrikuns’ temples, in which they set up their lords and practice their pagan and shirk rituals. Therefore, whoever helps to establish these parliaments – either by taking part in them, as the MPs do, or electing the MPs, as the voters do, or beautifying them to the people – is a Kafir.

Democracy and parliament, is the religion of the kufaar and their desires. Therefore, being pleased with entering into their religion and following it means going out of the fold of Islam.

`Verily, if you follow their desire after that which you received knowledge (from Allah (سبحانه و تعالى)); then indeed you are of the Zalimun (polytheists, wrongdoers, etc)’. (Qur’an 2:154)

`And it is the disbelievers who are the Zalimun’ (Qur’an 2:254)

Accordingly, do not turn your back on your heals as kafirs and apostates, and do not let the Shaytan mislead you and give you hope regarding establishing the laws of the Shari by means of these houses of Kufr. Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) says:

`He (Shaytaan) makes promise to them, and arouses in them false desires; and Shaytaan’s promises are nothing but deceptions.’ (Qur’an 4:120)

Likewise, democracy is the religion of America (and western countries in general), which regards itself as the protector of democracy in the world. The American Congress (parliament) has laid down a law, which has as its condition the implementation of democracy in the countries that are offered American aid. This is because the democratic system is one of the easiest systems that give America the opportunity to interfere in the affairs of the countries in a lawful manner. This happens by taking over the members of the legislature, and by making specific MPs succeed in elections by seducing the masses with money. (Italy, Iran, Russia, etc)

Indeed America interfered in many legislative elections; for instance its interference in the Italian elections in 1947, the year in which the American president Truman, declared his famous principle which legalized form America’s secret services to spend over $70 million to make the Christian Democratic Party succeed and the Communist Party fail. Moreover, America has made this public and is proud of it. Once again America interfered in the Italian elections in 1976, in which the American secretary of state, Henry Kissenger, proclaimed his famous principle in order to meddle in the Italian elections.

This is the religion of America, the religion of the Jews and the Christians, and that is what the Prophet (ﷺ) warned us from falling into by his saying: `You will certainly follow the ways of those who came before you, span by span, and arm by arm, even if they enter the hole of the lizard, you will certainly follow them.‘ They (Sahabah) asked: `Do you mean the Jews and the Christians O Messenger of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى)?‘ He said :’who else then?

This (democracy) is nothing but an evil deception to divert the Muslims from Jihad which is obligatory upon them, the Jihad against the apostate rulers and the other kafirun. Thus the human satans have come to say: `And why Jihad and hardship while the election boxes are the solution ?; what is obligatory upon you, as far as the Shari is concerned, is to go and throw a card in the box, and indeed Sheik bin Baz issued a fatwa about the permissibility of this. `But if you do not win in this round, you may well win in the next one.’

Thus, people would spend their lives awaiting what the election boxes would result in. Undoubtedly, the happiest amongst the people about this satanic way are At-Tawagheet (Apostate Rulers), in their various types, who allowed some of those who belong to Islam to enter into the parliament for nothing but to divert the Muslims from their Jihad. Indeed Sheik-ul-Islam, Ibn-Taymia, may Allah’s mercy be upon him, mentioned that: `the Imamate is established by giving the allegiance to the people with power.` Similarly, no Islamic state will be established in our age except by power. Therefore, one should not be lured by the millions of people who vote for those who claim to be Islamist in parliamentary elections.

Verily, if these people were asked to raise their arms and wage Jihad in order to implement the Islamic rule, they would certainly run away. So what power or so strong military do these people have against kuffar rulers? The state belongs to those who possess the power and power consists of men and arms, then reinforcements. The result of the parliamentary elections are nothing but falsities and delusions, which are not based on power, let alone being founded on a legal evidence (from the Shariah).

Additionally, democracy, with its parliaments and elections, is nothing but a deception which drugs the Islamic capacities, and a station which consumes these capacities far away from the thrones of the Tawagheet (Apostate Rulers). The Kuffar, various as they are, are calling for democracy as long as it fulfills their desires. But once it opposes their benefits, they would be the first ones to destroy it. Theirs is a similitude of that Kafir who mad his Idol out of dates, but when became hungry he ate his lord which used to worship. The examples concerning this are numerous both in the East and the West.

The conclusion, is that the MPs are the ones who have the right to legislate for the people, and are, in reality,, lords that are worshipped beside Allah (سبحانه و تعالى); and those who vote for them are appointing them as lords besides Allah (سبحانه و تعالى). So both parties become Kafirs because of this.

`Say (O Muhammad [saw] O People of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) come to a word that is just between us and you, that we worship none but Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), and we associate no partners with Him, and that none of us shall take others as lords beside Allah (سبحانه و تعالى). Then if they turn away: bear witness that we Muslims.’ (Qur’an 3:64)

Therefore, it is not permissible to enter into Parliament or participate in electing their members. Indeed, it has become clear for you that participating in these parliaments, either by being candidate or voting is from the Kufr Akbar.

Indeed some kuffar claimed that their intention and aim from committing kufr was to bring themselves near to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى). But Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) rejected their saying and judged them as kafirs and liars. This is because if they intended to draw near to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) they would have done so by means of that which He (سبحانه و تعالى) enjoined and not by that which He forbade.

`And those who take Awliya (protectors and helpers) beside Him (Say):’We worship them only that they may bring us near to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى). Verily Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) will judge between them concerning that wherein they differ. Truly, Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) guides not Him who is a Liar and a disbeliever.’ (Qur’an 39:4)

Bin Baz himself said: ‘And indeed some Mushrikun claimed that their intention from worshipping the Prophets and the pious people, and from taking idols as lords beside Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), was to bring them near to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) and gain the intercession through them to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), Praise and Glory be to Him. But Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) rejected that and refuted it by saying:

And they worship besides Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) things that hurt them not, nor profit them, and they say `these are our intercessors with Allah (سبحانه و تعالى)‘. Say `Do you inform Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) of that which he knows not in the Heavens and on the Earth?’ Glorified and Exalted be He above all that which they associate as partners with Him!

The case is, therefore, the same with the one who enters into the parliament and says that his intention is to call to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى): he is a liar and a Kafir, even if he calls his shirk in regard to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) a Daawa to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى).

`Say (O Muhammad) the things that my Lord has indeed forbidden are al-Fawahish (great evil sins, every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse, etc…) whether committed openly or secretly, sins (of all kinds), unrighteous oppression, joining partners (in worship) with Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) for which He has not given authority, and saying things about Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) of which you have no knowledge. (Qur’an 7:33)

It is wrong to make, support and participate in systems which rule by what Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) has not revealed, and (then) claim to be Muslims and have respect for Aqeedah at the same time. Consequently, they have destroyed the feeling of the people, guaranteed for themselves their friendship and drugged their conscience.

Then they have hastened to destroy the Shariah of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), while being secure from their uprising. Owing to this, the lords of these systems do not dare to confess that they are atheists or non-religious. On the contrary, they are admitting – with pride – that they are democratic, for instance.

(Article by Shaykh Abdul Qadir bin Abdul Aziz)