When one goes through the pages of the Qur’an – the final word of God to all of mankind – they will find a library of subjects. A lot of these subjects are told through stories and events that have occurred in the past, passing down lessons in righteousness. Additionally, there are general lessons in mankind’s behavior in their relationship towards their Creator. But with a more careful eye, one will spot that every subject is under an umbrella theme. This theme is the call of the Qur’an. In plain and simple language, it is what Allah is calling mankind to.
The theme of the Qur’an is not limited to law based issues like inheritance or science or jihad. Although these subjects are certainly in the Qur’an, the fundamental theme of Qur’an is tawĥīd or worshiping Allah without any partners. Allah, The Most High, Says:
﴾And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me﴿
Every verse in the Qur’an either directly or indirectly points in that direction.
﴾And on the earth are signs for the certain [in faith], and in yourselves. Then will you not see?﴿
The message is that Allah is One without partners. He doesn’t have a son, daughter or any family members. He is dependent on none, but everyone and everything in the Universe would collapse if He didn’t support them. He is above everyone and everything, and has the most beautiful and perfect qualities that help us understand who He is. There is no example unto Him; He is unique in that respect as He is above every likeness. He is above all human qualities and thus He can never tire, be frustrated or die. He is the One that is called upon when man is on his unstable boat, rocking from side-to-side in the violent tides of the ocean, hoping with a full heart to be delivered to land safely. But when Allah delivers such people to safety, some of them continue in their disobedience to Him. This is the state of man who worships his desires more than he worships his Creator. Allah is so merciful to such people that He repeatedly gives them chances to repent, mend their ways and worship Him the way He has ordained; indeed, everyone is given this chance until they meet death. It then only becomes natural for Allah to speak in the Qur’an on the issue of death, saying that no one knows when he or she is going to die.
﴾Indeed, the death from which you flee – indeed, it will meet you. Then you will be returned to the Knower of the unseen and the witnessed, and He will inform you about what you used to do﴿
The Qur’an repeats the theme of tawĥīd in the most creative of ways. Allah doesn’t do it just to amaze the reader and listener with His incredible succinct words, but to also warn them with it, reminding them of the Day of Judgment. The Qur’an speaks of that day as a day of immense terror. Righteous people will receive their record in their right hands, which will lead to their eternal bliss in Paradise. These are the people who believed and then worked hard in this life to tip the scales of righteousness in the next. The wrongdoers – those who disobeyed Allah and His commandments – will receive their book of deeds in their left hands. They will cry out,
﴾”Oh, I wish I had not been given my record! And had not known what is my account. I wish it [i.e., my death] had been the decisive one [i.e., the end of life and not a gateway to eternal life]. My wealth has not availed me. Gone from me is my authority!”﴿
They will then be flung into the fire. As has been shown, the ultimate theme of the Qur’an is worshiping Allah without partners. It implies becoming a Muslim, and leading a righteous life of obedience to Allah. Nothing more, nothing less. Worshiping other than Allah is the greatest weakness that man can possibly fall into. The reality is that Allah, the All Powerful and All Wise, created everything. Man has no good reason to worship Jesus, the Buddha, or to add and subtract partners to Allah; all of these are obstacles between themselves and Allah. The heart of the true believer feels as connected to His Lord as the one who is sailing on his ship, facing the brink of death and destruction, calling upon the One God and not the millions of gods and goddesses. In times of extreme difficulty, man knows his Creator because death surrounds him. It is then up to him to either be a traitor or a steadfast believer